Monday, February 24, 2020
See Asignment criteria- request for writer 5689 of possible - Essay Example sidered the height of the romantic manifestation with regard to the [Spanish] stage,Ã¢â¬â¢ explicitly references its central theme of Destiny in the title Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Ëla fuerza del sinoÃ¢â¬â¢ as it applies to the struggle and ultimate defeat of the protagonist (Young 1933, 278). Within the typical Sturm und Drang Romantic expression, Rivas utilises a conception of Ã¢â¬ËfateÃ¢â¬â¢ to explore and undermine the obsolescing social hierarchy that dominated contemporary Spanish life. Yet the question remains unclear: what exactly is the nature, the driving force of this conceived destiny? Does this demonstrate the movement of divine providence, or is this more akin to the fatalistic destiny of the Greeks? As the story progresses, the thread of fate that propels the action reveals itself to be profoundly fatalistic, not the orchestration of an omnipotent God but the engine of the myriad unseen forces that surround and enshround Don Ã lvaro in his journey through despair. This fatalism draws its roots most profoundly from the tradition of Greek tragedy in which destiny always played a primary role. Yet Rivas develops advances on this fatalistic tradition, showing through the random twists delivered by destinyÃ¢â¬â¢s hand the massively destructive forces of the familial Spanish hierarchy, which from the beginning envelop the protagonist in the shackles of old custom. It is these, Rivas declares audaciously through his play, that make up the very essence of dest iny. It is these, the forces of society, which create the fatalistic reality in which all his characters, and by extension the whole of Spanish populiation, are doomed to their allotted existence. The fatalistic concept fundamental to Greek tragedy is the act of transgression, the fatal flaw caused by hubris, or believing oneself to be above divine law, which transgression in the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s own demise. This act of transgression could be something as active as PrometheusÃ¢â¬â¢ theft of divine fire, for which he was savagely
Friday, February 7, 2020
An Exploration of the Attributes of Organized Crime - Research Paper Example n American countries like Mexico and Colombia are commonly regarded as organized crime aspects as they explicitly violet the legal administrations of the respective countries so as to gain monetary wise. Some of the international organizations referred to as the mafias include the Albanian Mafia, the Black Mafia, the Russian Mafia, the Japanese Yakuza and the Chinese Triads (Abadinsky, 2010). The United States Organized Crime Control Act in 1970 defines organized crime as an unlawful activity carried out by highly organized and disciplined association. Statistics have it that the number of people involved in organized crime in the United Kingdom is approximated to be over 38, 000 involving more than 6000 groups (Haller, 1991). Organized crime is normally associated with several illegal activities such as illegal gambling, assassination, bombing, blackmailing, oil smuggling and arms trafficking. This type of crime also has extreme effects on political corruption mostly in areas experiencing political instability like the Middle East. Such criminal organizations are normally associated with large amounts of money some of which is used to bribe government officials in an effort to avoid prosecution. Organized crime has also been linked with massive roles in people smuggling and human trafficking. The Yamaguchi-Gumi, the Russian Mafia and the Ã¢â¬ËNdrangheta have been identified as the most powerful and prolific organized crime groups all over the world (OÃ¢â¬â¢Kane, 1992). Despite the Russian being the largest criminal group, the main problem being faced by the existing law enforcement is its ability to point out the members of such organizations now that most people engage in organized crime activities claiming they are members of these mafia groups yet in the real sense they are out to gain respect and spread fear. Latin America has been identified as the base to the most violent and influential drug cartels all over the world. This area has been heavily associated
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
WomensÃ¢â¬â¢ Compulsive Obsession Essay In Ã¢â¬Å"A WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Beauty: Put Down or Power Source?Ã¢â¬ Susan Ã¢â¬â¹ Sontag Ã argues that women view beauty as an obligation and that they actually focus on their appearance more than who they are as a person. In the essay, Sontag provides the perspectives of both Christians and Greeks towards beauty and compares them to the superficial views of the present. Sontag stresses that women should direct their attention to other things rather than beauty. Beauty is put at such a high standard that women feel the need to be as beautiful as the women advertised. Basically, women endeavor to be appropriate and beautiful to attract men. Sontag also showcases that women believe that being beautiful will earn them a reputation and place in society, and that beauty brings power and success. According to Sontag, beauty is the only form of power that women are encouraged to seek. In our own time, beauty is administered as a form of selfÃ oppression. In the process of growing up, young women may forget how intelligent they are and their aspirations in life. A womanÃ¢â¬â¢s success in the society s depends on good looks, which are a great advantage in life.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The World Health Organization (2006, WHO) defines obesity as a body mass index (weight-for-height) equal to or more than 30. In the UK the prevalence of obesity in childhood has significantly increased over the past twenty five years. A study commissioned by The Health Survey for England (HSE) showed that between 1996 and 2001 the proportion of obese children aged six to fifteen rose by 3.5 per cent from 20 per cent to 23.5 per cent of the population in that age bracket; there is no reason to suspect that the children of England are not representative of the United Kingdom as a whole. Concern has grown that because of this increase obesity-related diseases, such as diabetes and heart disorders, will, in due course, occur in more adults than at present and that they will be diagnosed at a much earlier age. There has been strong government action to address the problem of childhood obesity, most notably as one of the five outcomes sought within Every Child Matters (DfES,2003,ECM). This was established in 2004 by the Department of Children, Schools and Families, with the intention of working together with other with other childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s services in order to approach and promote the well being of children. Further evidence is becoming available of more detailed analyses of the incidence of obesity by age, sex and geographical region. Using graph (i) below, produced for the National Child Measurement Programme from the NHS Information Centre (2009), we can see that the percentages of children falling into the Ã¢â¬Å"underweightÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"overweightÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"obeseÃ¢â¬ categories remain generally stable over the three years reviewed, except that there was an increase of just over 1% in the Ã¢â¬Å"obeseÃ¢â¬ category between 2006/07 and 2008/09. It is, however, disturb... ...iet and therefore stronger government action and funding would be needed in order to reverse the current trend. Moreover, parents need to be more aware as there is evidence from the Forecasting Obesity 2010 (2006) documents that suggest that for both boys and girls, a significant number of children who live with parents who are classified as overweight or obese tended to be obese themselves. Little evidence is yet to suggest a high success rate, although Jamie Oliver has had a relevant impact on healthy food within the school environment. This could eventually, therefore, show a stabilisation of percentage of obese children. Nevertheless, this is based on limited data over a three year period and for this to be established, or even improved, there needs to be several more years of relevant data to prove that this is, in fact, a trend rather than a periodical error.
Monday, January 13, 2020
I was so tightly wound that I shrieked in terror; I was so terrified that my shriek was only a breathless little squeal. Ã¢â¬Å"Sorry!Ã¢â¬ Jared's arm went around my shoulders, comforting. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm sorry. I didn't mean to scare you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What are you doing here?Ã¢â¬ I demanded, still breathless. Ã¢â¬Å"Following you. I've been following you all night.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well, stop it now.Ã¢â¬ There was a hesitation in the dark, and his arm didn't move. I shrugged out from under it, but he caught my wrist. His grip was firm; I wouldn't be able to shake free easily. Ã¢â¬Å"You're going to see Doc?Ã¢â¬ he asked, and there was no confusion in the question. It was obvious that he wasn't talking about a social visit. Ã¢â¬Å"Of course I am.Ã¢â¬ I hissed the words so that he wouldn't hear the panic in my voice. Ã¢â¬Å"What else can I do after today? It's not going to get any better. And this isn't Jeb's decision to make.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I know. I'm on your side.Ã¢â¬ It made me angry that these words still had the power to hurt me, to bring tears stinging into my eyes. I tried to hold on to the thought of Ian-he was the anchor, as Kyle somehow had been for Sunny-but it was hard with Jared's hand touching me, with the smell of him in my nose. Like trying to make out the song of one violin when the entire percussion section was bashing awayÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å"Then let me go, Jared. Go away. I want to be alone.Ã¢â¬ The words came out fierce and fast and hard. It was easy to hear that they weren't lies. Ã¢â¬Å"I should come with you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You'll have Melanie back soon enough,Ã¢â¬ I snapped. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm only asking for a few minutes, Jared. Give me that much.Ã¢â¬ Another pause; his hand didn't loosen. Ã¢â¬Å"Wanda, I would come to be with you.Ã¢â¬ The tears spilled over. I was grateful for the darkness. Ã¢â¬Å"It wouldn't feel that way,Ã¢â¬ I whispered. Ã¢â¬Å"So there's no point.Ã¢â¬ Of course Jared could not be allowed to be there. Only Doc could be trusted. Only he had promised me. And I wasn't leaving this planet. I wasn't going to go live as a Dolphin or a Flower, always grieving for the loves I'd left behind me, all dead by the time I opened my eyes again-if I even had eyes. This was my planet, and they wouldn't make me leave. I would stay in the dirt, in the dark grotto with my friends. A human grave for the human I had become. Ã¢â¬Å"But Wanda, IÃ¢â¬ ¦ There's so much that I need to say to you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I don't want your gratitude, Jared. Trust me on that.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What do you want?Ã¢â¬ he whispered, his voice strained and choked. Ã¢â¬Å"I would give you anything.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Take care of my family. Don't let the others kill them.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Of course I'll take care of them.Ã¢â¬ He dismissed my request brusquely. Ã¢â¬Å"I meant you. What can I give you?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I can't take anything with me, Jared.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Not even a memory, Wanda? What do you want?Ã¢â¬ I brushed the tears away with my free hand, but others took their place too quickly for it to matter. No, I couldn't take even a memory. Ã¢â¬Å"What can I give you, Wanda?Ã¢â¬ he insisted. I took a deep breath and tried to keep my voice steady. Ã¢â¬Å"Give me a lie, Jared. Tell me you want me to stay.Ã¢â¬ There was no hesitation this time. His arms wound around me in the dark, held me securely against his chest. He pressed his lips against my forehead, and I felt his breath move my hair when he spoke. Melanie was holding her breath in my head. She was trying to bury herself again, trying to give me my freedom for these last minutes. Maybe she was afraid to listen to these lies. She wouldn't want this memory when I was gone. Ã¢â¬Å"Stay here, Wanda. With us. With me. I don't want you to go. Please. I can't imagine having you gone. I can't see that. I don't know how toÃ¢â¬ ¦ how toÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ His voice broke. He was a very good liar. And he must have been very, very sure of me to say those things. I rested against him for a moment, but I could feel the time pulling me away. Time was up. Time was up. Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you,Ã¢â¬ I whispered, and I tried to extricate myself. His arms tightened. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm not done.Ã¢â¬ Our faces were only inches apart. He closed the distance, and even here, on the edge of my last breath on this planet, I couldn't help responding. Gasoline and an open flame-we exploded again. It wasn't the same, though. I could feel that. This was for me. It was my name that he gasped when he held this body-and he thought of it as my body, thought of it as me. I could feel the difference. For one moment, it was just us, just Wanderer and Jared, both of us burning. No one had ever lied better than Jared lied with his body in my last minutes, and for that I was grateful. I couldn't take it with me, because I wasn't going anywhere, but it eased some of the pain of leaving. I could believe the lie. I could believe that he would miss me so much that it might even mar some of his joy. I shouldn't want that, but it felt good to believe it anyway. I couldn't ignore the time, the seconds ticking like a countdown. Even on fire, I could feel them dragging at me, sucking me down the dark corridor. Taking me away from all this heat and feeling. I managed to pull my lips away from his. We panted in the dark, our breath warm on each other's faces. Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you,Ã¢â¬ I said again. Ã¢â¬Å"WaitÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I can't. I can'tÃ¢â¬ ¦ bear any more. Okay?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Okay,Ã¢â¬ he whispered. Ã¢â¬Å"I just want one more thing. Let me do this alone. Please?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IfÃ¢â¬ ¦ if you're sure that's what you wantÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ He trailed off, unsure. Ã¢â¬Å"It's what I need, Jared.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Then I'll stay here,Ã¢â¬ he said hoarsely. Ã¢â¬Å"I'll send Doc to get you when it's over.Ã¢â¬ His arms were still locked around me. Ã¢â¬Å"You know that Ian is going to try to kill me for letting you do this? Maybe I should let him. And Jamie. He'll never forgive either of us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I can't think about them right now. Please. Let me go.Ã¢â¬ Slowly, with a palpable reluctance that warmed some of the cold emptiness in the center of my body, Jared let his arms slide away. Ã¢â¬Å"I love you, Wanda.Ã¢â¬ I sighed. Ã¢â¬Å"Thanks, Jared. You know how much I love you. With my whole heart.Ã¢â¬ Heart and soul. Not the same thing, in my case. I'd been divided too long. It was time to make something whole again, make a whole person. Even if that excluded me. The ticking seconds pulled me toward the end. It was cold when he no longer held me. It got colder every step I took away from him. Just my imagination, of course. It was still summer here. It would always be summer here for me. Ã¢â¬Å"What happens here when it rains, Jared?Ã¢â¬ I whispered. Ã¢â¬Å"Where do people sleep?Ã¢â¬ It took him a moment to answer, and I could hear tears in his voice. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ He swallowed. Ã¢â¬Å"We all move into the game room. Everyone sleeps in there together.Ã¢â¬ I nodded to myself. I wondered what the atmosphere would be like. Awkward, with all the conflicting personalities? Or was it fun? A change? Like a slumber party? Ã¢â¬Å"Why?Ã¢â¬ he whispered. Ã¢â¬Å"I just wanted toÃ¢â¬ ¦ imagine. How it will be.Ã¢â¬ Life and love would go on. Even though it would happen without me, the idea brought me joy. Ã¢â¬Å"Goodbye, Jared. Mel says she'll see you soon.Ã¢â¬ Liar. Ã¢â¬Å"WaitÃ¢â¬ ¦ WandaÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I hurried down the tunnel, hurried away from any chance that he might, with his grateful lies, convince me not to go. There was only silence behind me. His pain did not hurt me the way Ian's had. For Jared, pain would be over soon. Joy was only minutes away. The happy ending. The southern tunnel felt only a few yards long. I could see the bright lantern burning ahead, and I knew Doc was waiting for me. I walked into the room that had always frightened me with my shoulders squared. Doc had everything prepared. In the dimmest corner, I could see two cots pushed together, Kyle snoring with his arm around Jodi's motionless form. His other arm was still curled around Sunny's tank. She would have liked that. I wished there was some way to tell her. Ã¢â¬Å"Hey, Doc,Ã¢â¬ I whispered. He looked up from the table where he was setting out the medicine. There were already tears streaming down his face. And suddenly, I was brave. My heart slowed to an even pace. My breath deepened and relaxed. The hardest parts were over. I had done this before. Many times. I had closed my eyes and gone away. Always knowing new eyes would open again, but still. This was familiar. Nothing to fear. I went to the cot and hopped up so that I was sitting on it. I reached for the No Pain with steady hands and screwed the lid off. I put the little tissue square on my tongue, let it dissolve. There was no change. I wasn't in any pain this time. No physical pain. Ã¢â¬Å"Tell me something, Doc. What's your real name?Ã¢â¬ I wanted to answer all the little puzzles before the end. Doc sniffed and wiped the back of his hand under his eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"Eustace. It's a family name, and my parents were cruel people.Ã¢â¬ I laughed once. Then I sighed. Ã¢â¬Å"Jared's waiting, back by the big cave. I promised him you'd tell him when it was over. Just wait until I-until IÃ¢â¬ ¦ stop moving, okay? It will be too late for him to do anything about my decision then.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I don't want to do this, Wanda.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I know. Thanks for that, Doc. But I'm holding you to your promise.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Please?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No. You gave me your word. I did my part, didn't I?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You did.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Then do yours. Let me stay with Walt and Wes.Ã¢â¬ His thin face worked as he tried to keep back a sob. Ã¢â¬Å"Will you beÃ¢â¬ ¦ in pain?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No, Doc,Ã¢â¬ I lied. Ã¢â¬Å"I won't feel anything.Ã¢â¬ I waited for the euphoria to come, for the No Pain to set everything glowing the way it had the last time. I still didn't feel any difference. It must not have been the No Pain after all-it had just been being loved. I sighed again. I stretched out on the cot, on my stomach, and turned my face toward him. Ã¢â¬Å"Put me under, Doc.Ã¢â¬ The bottle opened. I heard him shake it onto the cloth in his hand. Ã¢â¬Å"You are the noblest, purest creature I've ever met. The universe will be a darker place without you,Ã¢â¬ he whispered. These were his words over my grave, my epitaph, and I was glad that I got to hear them. Thank you, Wanda. My sister. I will never forget you. Be happy, Mel. Enjoy it all. Appreciate it for me. I will, she promised. Bye, we thought together. Doc's hand pressed the cloth gently over my face. I breathed in deeply, ignoring the thick, uncomfortable scent. As I took another breath, I saw the three stars again. They were not calling to me; they were letting me go, leaving me to the black universe I had wandered for so many lifetimes. I drifted into the black, and it got brighter and brighter. It wasn't black at all-it was blue. Warm, vibrant, brilliant blueÃ¢â¬ ¦ I floated into it with no fear at all.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
The life course approach analyzes the life of an individual within a social and cultural context (Maggi 2010). It is important to understand these structures as they aid in determining what makes wealthy societies healthier than others. Early child development determines future health outcomes through latent, pathway and cumulative effects. Factors such as family, education, socio-economic status and exposure to disease influence a childÃ¢â¬â¢s development. This paper represents a critical analysis of the implications of this approach associated with early childhood development. I will first give you my view on this social phenomenon following the social gradient and how it is manifested in this life stage. I will then discuss the implication that could help improve health in early childhood. I have witnessed domestic violence among family members at a very young age. I remember the police being called to my house during the night to check up when my mom would call 911 in a scare. I remember my parents yelling at each other about finances, childcare, food supply, as they alternated holding me as a child as I cry. As I got older my feelings towards the situation changed where I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t sleep at night incase the violence would reoccur, I would go to school with a constant stomach ache which prevented me from eating or even feeling hungry. The one thing I found came easy, due to my personality, was to shut down and not show my emotions to anyone nor did I show the way my body
Friday, December 27, 2019
Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1649 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Narrative essay Did you like this example? Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the organization. Human Resource Management can also be performed by line managers. Human Resource Management is the organizational function that deals with issues related to people such as compensation, hiring, performance management, organization development, safety, wellness, benefits, employee motivation, communication, administration, and training. Human Resource Management is also a strategic and comprehensive approach to managing people and the workplaceÃâÃ cultureÃâÃ and environment. Effective HRM enables employees to contribute effectively and productively to the overall company direction and the accomplishment of the organizations goals and objectives. Human Resource Management is moving away from traditional personnel, administration, and transactional roles, which are increasingly outsourced. HRM is now expected toÃâÃ add valueÃâÃ to the strategic utilization of employees and that employee programs impact the business in measurable ways. Research in the area of HRM has much to contribute to the organizational practice of HRM. For the last 20 years, empirical work has paid particular attention to the link between the practice of HRM and organizational performance, evident in improved employee commitment, lower levels of absenteeism and turnover, higher levels of skills and therefore higher productivity, enhanced quality and efficiency.ÃâÃ This area of work is sometimes referred to as Strategic HRM or SHRM. BUSINESS PRACTICE Human resources management involves several processes. Together they are supposed to achieve the above mentioned goal. These processes can be performed in an HR department, but some tasks can also be outsourced or performed by line-managers or other departments. When effectively integrated they provide significant economic benefit to the company. Workforce planning RecruitmentÃâÃ (sometimes separated into attraction and selection) Induction,ÃâÃ OrientationÃâÃ andÃâÃ On boarding Skills management Training and development Personnel administration Compensation inÃâÃ wageÃâÃ orÃâÃ salary Time management Employee benefitsÃâÃ administration Personnel cost planning Performance appraisal Labor relations Organizations may have their line and staff functions in place, but without clear HR policies, all efforts would be like taking potshots in the dark. Every employee of the organization is an important cog in the wheel. If one follows the right recruitment practices, each employee can become an asset for his/her organization. The role of HR is thus an intricate web of hiring, recruiting, training, promoting, and mentoring. It also involves unpleasant activities like performance appraisal, layoffs, and e mployee disciplining. Since human resource management has everything to do with people related issues, HR professionals also conduct behavioral assessment, leadership development, talent management, and knowledge management. As businesses evolve, the dynamics of HR also changed. Yesterdays HR mantra focused on management concepts that focused on process improvement and elimination of management wastes. Kaizen, Six Sigma, and other Total Quality Management (TQM) tools were the buzzwords of the twentieth century business world. Today, the focus has shifted from refining business processes to outsourcing business processes, thereby making organizations leaner and more flexible. Even as we speak, businesses are constantly redefining and re-evaluating management models. To be able to fit into the new-age management world, HR has to also revisit its founding principles and chart a new way forward. KEY POINTS TO BECOME A SUCCESSFUL LEADER A leader must always act with self-conf idence should avoid anger and crabbiness and deal with his subordinates with calm and proper understanding. There are some basic key points for a person to become a leader are listed below: * Prevent becoming emotionally involved. *Motivate others to get the work done. * Look at things objectively and from others view point *Understanding things by human behavior * Talk and write clearly and forcefully. * Must have teaching ability to inspire and develop subordinates *Must have technical knowledge for giving necessary guidance to subordinates *Understand people their preferences and weakness and making him a approachable person. One who takes care of HRM Department need to be more active, lively and the must posses the quality of Leadership? There has been a recent explosion of books about new concepts in leadership and supervision, such as New Millennium leadership and New Paradigm leadership. In our experience over the years, leaders and supervisor s rarely struggle because they dont understand such advanced concepts. Rather, they struggle because they havent mastered the fundamentals, those most critical, basic structures and processes of leadership and supervision in their organizations. This guide will help you to master those fundamentals. There is an adage that states that, in systems such as organizations, structures determine behaviors that determine events. Too often, we focus only on the events and the behaviors and we fail to see the larger structures, so our efforts to develop more effective leadership often fail. Too many leadership development programs focus primarily on assessing leadership styles and then cultivating personal development they forget that, for leadership to really be effective, the organization has to have the structures in place to really support effective leadership in the first place. This guide shows you how to implement those structures in your organization. The guide is one of the fe w that takes a solid, plan-based, systems-based view of leadership and supervision. It helps organizations to ensure a smooth transition to a professionally managed organization. FUNCTIONS OF HRM The Human Resources Management (HRM) function includes a variety of activities, and key among them is deciding the staffing needs of an organization and whether to use independent contractors or hire employees to fill these needs, recruiting and training the best employees, ensuring they are high performers, dealing with performance issues, and ensuring your personnel and management practices conform to various regulations. Activities also include managing your approach to employee benefits and compensation, employee records and personnel policies. Usually small businesses (for-profit or nonprofit) have to carry out these activities themselves because they cant yet afford part- or full-time help. However, they should always ensure that employees have-and are aware of-personnel policie s which conform to current regulations. These policies are often in the form of employee manuals, which all employees have. Note that some people distinguish a difference between HRM (a major management activity) and HRD (Human Resource Development, a profession). Those people might include HRM in HRD, explaining that HRD includes the broader range of activities to develop personnel inside of organizations, including, e.g., career development, training, organization development, etc. There is a long-standing argument about where HR-related functions should be organized into large organizations, e.g., should HR be in the Organization Development department or the other way around? EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION To retain good staff and to encourage them to give of their best while at work requires attention to the financial and psychological and even physiological rewards offered by the organization as a continuous exercise. Basic financial rewards and conditions of service (e.g. working hours per week) are determined externally (by national bargaining or government minimum wage legislation) in many occupations but as much as 50 per cent of the gross pay of manual workers is often the result of local negotiations and details (e.g. which particular hours shall be worked) of conditions of service are often more important than the basics. Hence there is scope for financial and other motivations to be used at local levels. Staffing needs will vary with the productivity of the workforce (and the industrial peace achieved) so good personnel policies are desirable. The latter can depend upon other factors (like environment, welfare, employee benefits, etc.) but unless the wage packet is accepted as fair and just there will be no motivation. Hence while the technicalities of payment and other systems may be the concern of others, the outcome of them is a matter of great concern to human resource management. Increasingly the influences of behavioral science discoveries are becoming important not merely because of the widely-acknowledged limitations of money as a motivator, but because of the changing mix and nature of tasks (e.g. more service and professional jobs and far fewer unskilled and repetitive production jobs). Better-educated, mobile and multi-skilled employees much more likely to be in demand and to be influenced by things like job satisfaction, involvement, participation, etc. than the economically dependent employees of yesteryear. Hence human resource management must act as a source of information about and a source of inspiration for the application of the findings of behavioral science. It may be a matter of drawing the attention of senior managers to what is being achieved elsewhere and the gradual education of middle managers to new points of view onÃâÃ job design, work organizationÃâÃ and worker autonomy. Employees motivation comes out of true leaders. WHAT IS LEADERSHIP? Leadership is the art of directing a group of people to act with efficiency, effectiveness and efficacy to attain a positive goal. The ability of directing a group towards the achievement of goals or end state Leadership is the art of getting people to do things Leadership is the art of influencing the fellow men to willingly work for a common objective The challenge of leadership has always been to provide coherence, structure and, ultimately, meaning in times of great change and dislocation. QUALITIES OF A LEADER Belief Confidence Commitment Creativity Credibility Communication Decision Making Empathy Enthusiasm Humility Sense of Humor Knowledge Loyalty Motivation Trust Vision/Mission/Goals Team Building Tolerance CONCLUSION With an effective leadership along with a true care, the HRM function and HRD profession have undergone major changes over the past 20-30 years. Many years ago, large organizations looked to the Personnel De partment, mostly to manage the paperwork around hiring and paying people. More recently, organizations consider the HR Department as playing an important role in staffing, training and helping to manage people so that people and the organization are performing at maximum capability in a highly fulfilling manner. When a person has sound knowledge and becomes skillful he will be ready to lead the organization as a leader. There is nothing like that you have be destined to become a leader. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Issues Faced By Human Resource Management" essay for you Create order